A complete cholesterol test (also known as lipid profile), is a blood test that can measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood.

Measures total amount of cholesterol in your body.

HDL, or good cholesterol, helps remove cholesterol from the blood and transport it to the liver for excretion. High levels of HDL are associated with a low risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease.

LDL, or bad cholesterol, helps deposit cholesterol in the blood vessel which leads to atherosclerosis. High levels of LDL are associated with high risk of coronary heart disease.

One way to assess risk is to use the total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio, with lower values indicating lower risk.

Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. Elevated levels of triglycerides may lead to coronary heart disease.

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