CT Scan Abdomen and pelvis

Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis is a diagnostic imaging test used to help detect diseases of the small bowel, colon, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, uterus, prostate and other internal organs CT scanning is fast, painless, noninvasive and accurate, performed with intravenous contrast material after the ingestion of oral contrast.

You should wear comfortable, loose-fitting clothing to your exam. You may be given a gown to wear during the procedure. Metal objects including jewelry, eyeglasses, dentures and hairpins may affect the CT images and should be left at home or removed prior to your exam. You may also be asked to remove hearing aids and removable dental work. You may be asked not to eat or drink anything for several hours beforehand, especially if a contrast material will be used in your exam. You should inform your physician of any medications you are taking and if you have any allergies, especially to contrast materials. Also inform your doctor of any recent illnesses or other medical conditions, and if you have a history of heart disease, asthma, diabetes, kidney disease or thyroid problems. Any of these conditions may increase the risk of an unusual adverse effect.

Women should always inform their physician or technologist if there is any possibility that they are pregnant.


OGDS or Upper endoscopy is performed by introducing a flexible fiberoptic scope through the mouth to visualise the oesophagus, stomach and the proximal part of the small intestine. Patients are usually sedated. Diseases like erosion in the oesophagus, peptic ulcer, gastritis and Helicobacter pylori infection can be easily diagnosed.

  • Upper abdominal discomfort or pain which failed to respond to treatment.
  • Upper abdominal discomfort or pain with evidence of serious organic disease such as loss of weight or appetite.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Persistent or refractory reflux symptoms.
  • Evaluation of abnormal radiological abnormality.
  • Family history of gastrointestinal cancer.
  • Known to have or family history of any diseases that is a predisposition to gastrointestinal cancer such as familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • Confirmation of healing of peptic ulcers.


Fiberoptic colonoscope permits inspection of the entire large intestine by introducing a long flexible tube through the anus and rectum. Any abnormalities on the lining of the large intestine can be detected. The bowel must be specially prepared for at least 2 to 3 days prior to the examination to enable a proper examination.

  • Presence of faecal blood.
  • Rectal bleeding.
  • Evaluation of any radiological abnormalities.
  • Colon cancer screening.
  • Family history of cancer of the large intestine.
  • Disorders which has predisposition to colon cancer.
  • Chronic diarrhea of unexplained cause
  • Abdominal pain of unexplained origin.
  • Loss of weight or appetite without obvious cause.

Disclaimer: All information, content, and material of this website is for informational purposes only and are not intended to serve as a substitute for the consultation, diagnosis, and/or medical treatment of a qualified physician or healthcare provider.

KKLIU 1600/2021