February 6, 2019
The journey of a male from his teens to andropause is accompanied with multiple biological and psychological changes. Often, these changes may be associated with health disorders . It is thus vital to have a checkup done regularly to diagnose the same
|Chronic non – communicable diseases||It is estimated by Ministry of Health (MOH) that 73 percent of Malaysians die of non- communicable diseases with majority of them being the male population. These non communicable diseases include coronary artery disease (heart attack), Diabetes, stroke, high blood pressure etc.|
|Prostate problems||Prostate cancer is the 4th most common cancer diagnose in man in Malaysia. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a non- malignant enlargement of the prostate gland , and commonly occurs in male after the age of 40 years old due to changes in the balance of sex hormone.|
|Erectile Dysfunction (ED)||Although the majority of men affected by ED are elderly, younger men are not exclusively exempted. In Malaysia, data collected to date are for men above 40 years of age, and it showed a higher prevalence among men above 60 years of age.|
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Usually prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.
Age. The risk of prostate cancer increases with age, especially after age 50. More than 80% of prostate cancers are diagnosed in men who are 65 or older.
Race/ethnicity. Black men have a higher risk of prostate cancer than white men. They are also more likely to develop prostate cancer at an earlier age and to have more aggressive tumors that grow quickly.
Family history. Prostate cancer that runs in a family, called familial prostate cancer, occurs about 20% of the time. This type of prostate cancer develops because of a combination of shared genes and shared environmental or lifestyle factors.
|Digital rectal exam (DRE)||During a DRE, your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to examine your prostate, which is adjacent to the rectum. If your doctor finds any abnormalities in the texture, shape or size of the gland, you may need further tests.|
|Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test||It’s normal for a small amount of PSA to be in your bloodstream. However, if a higher than normal level is found, it may indicate prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement or cancer.|
|Ultrasound & prostate biopsy||If other tests raise concerns, your doctor may use transrectal ultrasound to further evaluate your prostate. Prostate biopsy is often done using a thin needle that’s inserted into the prostate to collect tissue. The tissue sample is analyzed in a lab to determine whether cancer cells are present.|
Prostate Cancer can be asymptomatic in the early stage.
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following:
Benign prostate enlargement (BPE) is the medical term to describe an enlarged prostate, a condition that can affect how you pass urine. BPE is common in men aged over 50.
The prostate is a small gland, located in the pelvis, between the penis and bladder. If the prostate becomes enlarged, it can place pressure on the bladder and urethra (the tube through which urine passes). This can affect how you pee and may cause:
The cause of prostate enlargement is unknown, but it is believed to be linked to hormonal changes as a man gets older.
The balance of hormones in your body changes as you get older and this may cause your prostate gland to grow.
Erectile dysfunction, commonly known as impotence, is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection adequate for satisfactory sexual performance. It may occur at any age but becomes increasingly more common as men grow older.