CT Scan Abdomen and pelvis
Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis is a diagnostic imaging test used to help detect diseases of the small bowel, colon, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, uterus, prostate and other internal organs CT scanning is fast, painless, noninvasive and accurate, performed with intravenous contrast material after the ingestion of oral contrast.
OGDS or Upper endoscopy is performed by introducing a flexible fiberoptic scope through the mouth to visualise the oesophagus, stomach and the proximal part of the small intestine. Patients are usually sedated. Diseases like erosion in the oesophagus, peptic ulcer, gastritis and Helicobacter pylori infection can be easily diagnosed.
Fiberoptic colonoscope permits inspection of the entire large intestine by introducing a long flexible tube through the anus and rectum. Any abnormalities on the lining of the large intestine can be detected. The bowel must be specially prepared for at least 2 to 3 days prior to the examination to enable a proper examination.
- Presence of faecal blood.
- Rectal bleeding.
- Evaluation of any radiological abnormalities.
- Colon cancer screening.
- Family history of cancer of the large intestine.
- Disorders which has predisposition to colon cancer.
- Chronic diarrhea of unexplained cause
- Abdominal pain of unexplained origin.
- Loss of weight or appetite without obvious cause.
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