Thyroid gland (a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck) is part of endocrine system which produces hormones
regulate vital body functions, including:

Breathing

Muscle strength

Heart rate

Menstrual cycles

Central & peripheral nervous systems

Body temperature

Body weight

Cholesterol levels & more

Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland; can slow down or rev up metabolism by disrupting the production of thyroid hormones regulate vital body functions.

There are specific types of thyroid disorders that includes:

  1. Hypothyroidism
  2. Hyperthyroidism
  3. Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland)
  4. Thyroid nodules
  5. Thyroid cancer

SYMPTOMS:

Changes in heart rate.

Changes in energy or mood.

Muscular weakness.

Prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding in women.

Increased size of the thyroid

Unintentional weight loss

How are the thyroid disorders diagnosed?

Blood tests – Free T4 are typically done to measure levels of thyroid hormones and TSH

Imaging tests – Ultrasound of thyroid can visualize the consistency of the tissue within the gland and can often reveal cysts or calcifications.