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stroke (cerebrovascular accident)

LifeCare Diagnostic

April 4, 2019

Stroke ( Cerebrovascular accident)

According to the latest WHO data published in 2017, Stroke Deaths in Malaysia reached 15,642 or 11.31% of total deaths. 

Stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die.

A stroke is a medical emergency. Prompt treatment is crucial. Early action can minimize brain damage and potential complications.

Risk Factors

Many factors can increase your stroke risk. Some factors can also increase your chances of having a heart attack. Potentially treatable stroke risk factors include:

 

Lifestyle risk factors
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Physical inactivity
  • Heavy or binge drinking
  • Use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines
Medical risk factors
  • Blood pressure readings higher than 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg)
  • Cigarette smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Cardiovascular disease, including heart failure, heart defects, heart infection or abnormal heart rhythm
  • Personal or family history of stroke, heart attack or transient ischemic attack
Other factors associated with a higher risk of
  • Age —People age 55 or older have a higher risk of stroke than do younger people.
  • Sex — Men have a higher risk of stroke than women.
  • Hormones — use of birth control pills or hormone therapies that include estrogen, as well as increased estrogen levels from pregnancy and childbirth.

Symptoms

Watch for these signs and symptoms if you think you or someone else may be having a stroke. Pay attention to when the signs and symptoms begin. The length of time they have been present can affect your treatment options:


Complications

A stroke can sometimes cause temporary or permanent disabilities, depending on how long the brain lacks blood flow and which part was affected. Complications may include:

Prevention

Knowing your stroke risk factors, following your doctor’s recommendations and adopting a healthy lifestyle are the best steps  you can take to prevent a stroke. 


Diagnosis

Knowing your stroke risk factors, following your doctors recommendations and adopting a healthy lifestyle are the best steps you can take to prevent a stroke 

Treatment

The treatment of stroke depends on the type of stroke – Ischemic or Hemorrhagic stroke, mainly with medication and surgical intervention.

KKLIU 1600/2021

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