Kidneys filter all the blood that passes through in our body. Blood comes into the kidney, waste gets removed while salt, water, and minerals are adjusted if necessary.
The filtered blood goes back into the body
Waste turns into urine
Each kidney has around a million tiny filters called nephrons. You may not notice any symptoms or problems of your kidneys until later stage.
Do you know that your Kidneys…
a) Receive 20% of the blood that is pumped by your heart
b) Filter 180 litres of fluids per day to produce 2 liters of urine
c) Maintain your body’s internal environment
d) Remove harmful wastes from your body via urine
e) Produce certain essential hormones
- Erythropoietin which stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells
- Renin to regulate blood pressure
- Activate Vitamin D to produce calcitriol which helps maintain calcium balance in the bones.