Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a slow and progressive loss of kidney function over a period of several years. Eventually, a person will develop permanent kidney failure
CKD is a common, life-threatening illness that often goes undetected until advanced stage.

Risk Factors

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • A family history of kidney disease, diabetes or high blood pressure
  • Obesity
  • Kidney stone
  • Autoimmune Diseases
  • Some medications – overuse of, for example, NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen

Risk Factors

  • Anemia/ Low red blood cell
  • Blood in urine/ dark urine
  • Decreased mental alertness
  • Decreased urine output
  • Edema – swollen feet, hands, and ankles (face if edema is severe)
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Insomnia
  • Itchy skin, can become persistent
  • Loss of appetite
  • Male inability to get or maintain an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Muscle cramps/ twitches
  • Nausea
  • Pain on the side or mid to lower back
  • Panting (shortness of breath)
  • Protein in urine (bubble in urine)
  • Sudden change in bodyweight
  • Unexplained headaches

Annual Health Screening is vital to check whether your kidneys are healthy as symptoms can be late or subtle.